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Low Blood Sugar – Symptoms and Causes

by Duaazahra
Low Blood Sugar(Hypoglycemia)

What is the Reason for Low Blood Sugar? Many reasons in daily life can cause low blood sugar, but attention should be paid to long-term low blood sugar.

Causes of Low Blood Sugar

1. Drug factors

Insulin: Excessive insulin injection or too little food intake and relatively excessive activity after the injection may produce a typical acute hypoglycemic reaction. one of this reason for low blood sugar

Sulfonylureas: The degree of hypoglycemia caused by these drugs is related to the drug’s half-life and metabolic rate. When patients have a dietary reduction, liver and kidney disease, and impaired adrenal cortex function, hypoglycemia may occur.

Oral antidiabetic drugs, especially glucagon, can easily cause hypoglycemia.

2. Disease factors

In severe liver disease, the liver cannot effectively regulate blood sugar, and hypoglycemia is prone to occur when sugar intake is insufficient.

Endocrine diseases such as adrenal glands, thyroid gland, and pituitary gland may cause hypoglycemia.

3. Lifestyle

Long-term under-eating and over-consumption, such as anorexia nervosa, chronic malabsorption, chronic diarrhea, kidney diabetes, etc., will cause blood sugar to drop.

Excessive alcohol consumption on an empty stomach stimulates the secretion of many pancreatic islets and causes hypoglycemia.

Sustained strenuous exercise, long-term hunger, or excessive blood sugar consumption in patients with high fever can also cause hypoglycemia.

4. Physical factors

This situation can occur in both diabetic and normal people. It is related to the unreasonable dietary structure, the carbohydrates in the food are too refined, and the fat content is too high. The energy density is too high, and the dietary fiber intake is too low. Excessive exercise can also lead to hypoglycemia.

Symptoms of Hypoglycemia?

Low Blood Sugar(Hypoglycemia)

Non-specific symptoms: 

In a small number of hypoglycemia patients, there is no manifestation of autonomic and neurological hypoglycemia. Instead, it appears as non-specific symptoms such as general malaise, headache, nausea, and the lips’ numbness. Those who inject insulin should be alert to the presence of hypoglycemia if they have symptoms on time every day.

2.Symptoms of autonomic nervous excitement:

due to hypoglycemia, sympathetic nervous system excitement and adrenaline secretion increase, hunger, pulse, sweating, nervousness, weakness, pale complexion, cold sweats of limbs, chills, tremor, increased heart rate, blood pressure Elevate, etc. This is a warning symptom of early hypoglycemia, prompting patients to take protective measures to eat immediately. This group of symptoms is more common in diabetic patients with an overdose of insulin injection and improper oral hypoglycemic drugs.

Because of the sudden drop in blood sugar, it is also called the manifestation of acute hypoglycemia. Suppose the blood sugar is lower or the hypoglycemia lasts longer. In that case, there will be mental and consciousness disorders, which are manifested in the abnormal function of the nerve center, which can occur after the above symptoms, and can also be the first or main symptom, headache, dizziness, restlessness, and restlessness. A language disorder, sudden loss of orientation and recognition of mental disorders, and further convulsions, hemiplegia, lethargy, breathing, and blood pressure are inhibited, leading to death.

Suppose it is neurological hypoglycemia, due to the long duration of hypoglycemia. In that case, the condition will further develop, and the patient will have a set of symptoms that damage the advanced nervous center function, manifested as personality changes, disturbances in consciousness, neurological disorders, blurred vision, cramps, drowsiness, And serious consequences such as coma. Neurological hypoglycemia often occurs slowly without knowing it, so it is also known as the performance of chronic or subacute hypoglycemia.

What to eat for low blood sugar

1. Eat less and more meals

Patients with hypoglycemia should eat small amounts of meals, about 6-8 meals a day. Eating a small number of snacks and refreshments before bed can also help. It is also necessary to alternate the types of food and do not eat certain foods often because allergies are often related to hypoglycemia. Food allergies will worsen the condition and make the symptoms more complicated.

2. A balanced diet

The diet should strive to be balanced and contain at least 50-60% carbohydrates (the same dietary principles as for diabetics), including vegetables, brown rice, avocado, konjac, seeds, stone fruits, cereals, lean meat, fish, yogurt, raw cheese.

3. Restricted Foods

Strictly limit monosaccharides’ intake and try to eat less refined and processed products (for example, instant rice and potatoes), white flour, soda, wine, and salt. Avoid fruits and juices with high sugar content (for example, grape juice mixed with 50% water for drinking). Also, eat less macaroni, noodles, gravy, white rice, corn chips, and sweet potatoes. Beans and potatoes can be eaten twice a week.

4. Increase a high-fiber diet

A high-fiber diet helps stabilize blood sugar concentration. When blood sugar drops, fiber can be combined with protein foods (wheat bran cakes with raw cheese or almond jam). Eat fresh apples instead of applesauce. The fiber in apples can inhibit blood sugar fluctuations. Add a glass of juice to increase blood sugar levels quickly. Fiber itself can also delay blood sugar drop. Half an hour before a meal, take fiber first to stabilize blood sugar. Taking spirulina tablets between meals can further stabilize blood sugar concentration.

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