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Amazon rainforest is referred to as lungs of the earth why?

by Scienceooze
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Amazon rain-forest

Amazon rainforest known as the most biodiverse region on the planet is acting as lungs of the planet because it absorbs about 25% of atmospheric CO2.

Importance of Forests

Forests are always important as they provide us oxygen and reduce the carbon content in the atmosphere. They help to keep climatic changes in check. They are also helpful in maintaining the health of the soil as they degrade the pollutants by phytoremediation. Forest also a great source of rainfall that helps to keep the temperature in check. They also provide various valuable products for human use.

Amazon rainforest

Amazon rainforest is the world’s largest biodiversity reserve with a variety of species and unique creatures. It is considered the world’s largest rain forest spanning over the area of 2 million square miles. Amazon forest houses about half of the world’s biodiversity.

According to the reports amazon rainforest houses about 2.5 million insect species, more than 40000 species of plants, 2000 species of birds, etc. Amazon River is also known as the second largest river in the world and it also houses various marine species. That’s why Amazon is considered the most biodiverse region on the planet earth.

The lungs of earth

Amazon rainforest due to its immense biodiversity and size is considered to absorb 25% of the world’s carbon emissions. As the lungs of a human help the person the same is with amazon it is acting as the lungs of the whole planet.

The variety of plants species serves various purposes like it provides certain medicinal plants. Amazon forest plays a role in maintaining the ecosystem due to its huge biological diversity it creates its own weather conditions.

It is a reason for immense rainfall due to the huge transpiration rates of the trees. It also plays an important role in balancing the oxygen levels of the planet. This forest is supposed to produce about 6% of the world’s oxygen.

But now due to massive forest fires and mass deforestation, Amazon forest is under threat. Scientists are concerned about the loss of biodiversity. They thought that it might emit tons of carbon dioxide due to forest fires. It’s essential to conserve the forest and maintain its status as a carbon sink.

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